Calf


Calf
   Calves were commonly made use of in sacrifices, and are therefore frequently mentioned in Scripture. The "fatted calf" was regarded as the choicest of animal food; it was frequently also offered as a special sacrifice (1 Sam. 28:24; Amos 6:4; Luke 15:23). The words used in Jer. 34:18, 19, "cut the calf in twain," allude to the custom of dividing a sacrifice into two parts, between which the parties ratifying a covenant passed (Gen. 15:9, 10, 17, 18). The sacrifice of the lips, i.e., priase, is called "the calves of our lips" (Hos. 14:2, R.V., "as bullocks the offering of our lips." Comp. Heb. 13:15; Ps. 116:7; Jer. 33:11).
   The golden calf which Aaron made (Ex. 32:4) was probably a copy of the god Moloch rather than of the god Apis, the sacred ox or calf of Egypt. The Jews showed all through their history a tendency toward the Babylonian and Canaanitish idolatry rather than toward that of Egypt.
   Ages after this, Jeroboam, king of Israel, set up two idol calves, one at Dan, and the other at Bethel, that he might thus prevent the ten tribes from resorting to Jerusalem for worship (1 Kings 12:28). These calves continued to be a snare to the people till the time of their captivity. The calf at Dan was carried away in the reign of Pekah by Tiglath-pileser, and that at Bethel ten years later, in the reign of Hoshea, by Shalmaneser (2 Kings 15:29; 17:33). This sin of Jeroboam is almost always mentioned along with his name (2 Kings 15:28 etc.).

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Calf — Calf, n.; pl. {Calves}. [OE. calf, kelf, AS. cealf; akin to D. kalf, G. kalb, Icel. k[=a]lfr, Sw. kalf, Dan. kalv, Goth. kalb[=o]; cf. Skr. garbha fetus, young, Gr. ?????, Skr grabh to seize, conceive, Ir. colpa, colpach, a calf. [root]222.] 1.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • calf — [ kalf ] n. m. • 1964; abrév. de box calf ♦ Box. ⇒ 1. box. calf [kalf] n. m. ÉTYM. 1964. ❖ ♦ Abréviation de box calf. ⇒ Box calf. || « La montre à la mode, bracelet calf noir » ( …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Calf — steht für Anthony Calf (* 1959), britischer Schauspieler Baby Calf, Ledersorte Siehe auch Calf Island Calf Lake Kalf Calw …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • calf — calf; calf·hood; calf·kill; calf·less; calf·skin; …   English syllables

  • calf — [ka:f US kæf] n plural calves [ka:vz US kævz] [Sense: 1; Date: 1300 1400; : Old Norse; Origin: kalfi] [Sense: 2 3; Origin: Old English cealf] 1.) the part of the back of your leg between your knee and your ↑ankle …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • calf — calf1 [kaf, käf] n. pl. calves or, esp. for 4, calfs [ME < OE cealf & ON kalfr < IE * geleb(h) < base * gel , to swell, form a ball (hence swelling, fetus, offspring) > CLUB, L globus] 1. a young cow or bull 2. the young of some other …   English World dictionary

  • Calf — [kalf, engl. kɑ:f] das; s <aus engl. calf »Kalb«> Kalbsleder, das bes. zum Einbinden von Büchern verwendet wird …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • calf — [n1] leg between knee and ankle foreleg, shin; concept 392 calf [n2] baby cow dogie, freemartin, heifer, maverick, veal, yearling, young bull, young cow; concept 394 …   New thesaurus

  • calf — Ⅰ. calf [1] ► NOUN (pl. calves) 1) a young bovine animal, especially a domestic cow or bull in its first year. 2) the young of some other large mammals, such as elephants. 3) a floating piece of ice detached from an iceberg. ORIGIN Old English. Ⅱ …   English terms dictionary

  • Calf —    CALF, an island, in the parish of Kilninian and Kilmore, district of Mull, county of Argyll. This island, which is of extremely small extent, lies off Tobermory, in the north eastern part of the parish, and is in that portion of the Sound of… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • calf — [ kæf ] (plural calves [ kævz ] ) noun count * 1. ) a young cow. Its meat is called veal. a ) a young animal such as a young elephant, WHALE, or GIRAFFE 2. ) the thick back part of your leg between your knee and your ANKLE …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English